Answer from: Maria José Mendiola, MD, MSc in Human Genetics, MSc in Science Communication, ObGyn
Mutations are changing in the genetic sequence and they host diversity among organisms. These changes occur at many different levels and they can have widely differing consequences. This change can affect a single material or a large segment of a chromosome. DNA consists of a polymer of nuclei but it’s going to be like a chain so, during protein synthesis, DNA is transcribed into RNA and then translated to produce proteins. We have data structures to produce proteins, altering nucleotide sequences and most often results in non-functioning proteins. Mutation changes in the genetic code that lead to genetic variations and a variety of effects. Some gene mutations can cause, for example, female infertility or even male infertility to particularly affecting the ability, for example, to ovulate, to produce sperms For example, we have the mutation of the cystic fibrosis gene that can live some in some percent of the population to have that problem so, that is important to assess the couples when they get to the lab to have all the genetic consultation.
What are some genetic mutations that affect humans?
What are the effects of genetic mutation?